Melatonin improves periodontitis induced kidney damages by decreasing inflammatory stress and apoptosis in rats


Köse O., Kurt Bayrakdar S., Ünver B., Altın A., Akyıldız K., Mercantepe T., ...More

Journal Of Periodontology, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-8, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Name: Journal Of Periodontology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-8
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: Two main aims of this animal study were to inspect the possible effects of periodontitis on the structure and functions of the kidneys and the therapeutic effectiveness of melatonin.

Methods: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups: control, experimental periodontitis (Ep), and Ep-Melatonin (Ep-Mel). Periodontitis was induced by placing 3.0 silk sutures sub-paramarginally around the cervix of right-left mandibular first molars and maintaining the sutures for 5 weeks. Then melatonin (10 mg/kg body weight/day, 14 days), and the vehicle was administered intraperitonally. Mandibular and kidney tissue samples were obtained following the euthanasia. Periodontal bone loss was measured via histological and micro-computed tomographic slices. On right kidney histopathological and immunohistochemical, and on the left kidney biochemical (MDA, GSH, OSI, TNF-α, IL-1β, MMP-8, MMP-9, and CtD levels) evaluations were carried out. Renal functional status was analyzed by levels of serum creatinine, urea, cystatin-C, and urea creatinine.

Results: Melatonin significantly restricted ligature induced periodontal bone loss (p<0,01) and suppressed the levels of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-1β), oxidative stress (MDA and OSI), and proteases (MMP-8, MMP-9, and CtD) that was significantly higher in the kidneys of the rats with periodontitis. (p<0,05) In addition, periodontitis related histological damages and apoptotic activity were also significantly lower in the Ep-Mel group. (p<0,05) However, the markers of renal function of the Ep group were detected slightly impaired in comparison with the control group (p>0.05); and the therapeutic activity of melatonin was limited.  (p>0.05)

Conclusion: Melatonin restricts the periodontitis induced inflammatory stress, apoptosis, and structural but not functional impairments.