What does the Procalcitonin Level Tell us in Patients with Acute Pancreatitis?

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Ebik B., Kacmaz H., Tuncel E. T., ARPA M., UÇMAK F., Kaya M.

JCPSP-JOURNAL OF THE COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS PAKISTAN, vol.32, no.10, pp.1272-1277, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.29271/jcpsp.2022.10.1272
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.1272-1277
  • Keywords: Acute pancreatitis, Coinfection, Procalcitonin, Severity of pancreatitis, SERUM PROCALCITONIN, ACUTE PHYSIOLOGY, SCORING SYSTEMS, BEDSIDE INDEX, SEVERITY, MORTALITY, MARKERS
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Objective: To determine the factors affecting the procalcitonin level, and its association with the severity of pancreatitis in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP).Study Design: Cross-sectional analytical study.Place and Duration of Study: Division of Gastroenterology, University of Health Sciences, Diyarbakir Gazi Yasargil Education and Research Hospital and Department of Gastroenterology, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakir, Turkey, between April 2017 and June 2021.Methodology: The study included 214 patients diagnosed with AP according to Atlanta criteria. By checking the PCT and CRP values of the patients in the first 12 hours, the relationship with these scales that predict the severity of pancreatitis was statisti-cally examined.Results: Hundred and fifty-two patients (71.0%) had mild, while 62 patients (29.0%) had severe pancreatitis. According to the Atlanta criteria, the mean PCT level of patients with mild pancreatitis was 1.4 +/- 0.7 ng/mL, while the mean PCT level of patients with severe pancreatitis was 9.0 +/- 12.3 ng/mL (p<0.001). The diagnostic performance of PCT was better for predicting severe AP. For the 0.94 ng/mL cut-off, PCT had 86.9% sensitivity and 50.7% specificity. (AUC=0.731[95% CI: 0.669-0.811]; p<0.001; LR: 1.7). In patients with severe pancreatitis, the PCT level was 4.7 +/- 18.5 ng/mL in patients without concomitant infection and 15.8 +/- 8.1 ng/mL in patients with concomitant infection (p<0.001).Conclusion: High PCT value measured at the time of the first admission to the hospital may predict severe pancreatitis. In addi-tion, a high PCT value at the time of admission to the hospital in patients with pancreatitis may indicate another concomitant infection.