Child and parent preferences for the appearance of dentists with respect to personal protective equipment in paediatric dentistry


INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, vol.32, no.5, pp.702-713, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ipd.12949
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.702-713
  • Keywords: dental anxiety, healthcare professionals, parents, personal protective equipment, preferences, RELIABILITY, VALIDITY, SCALE, PAIN
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Background Personal protective equipment (PPE) gained particular importance during the COVID-19 pandemic. Aim To assess child and parent preferences for dentists' appearance concerning their PPE and to determine the relationship between the child and parent preferences. Design A total of 250 children aged 6-12 years and their parents were enrolled in the study. Standardized pictures with different sexes, attires, eye protectors, hair protectors, masks, and gloves were shown to children and their parents separately, and they were asked to choose their preferences. The dental anxiety of the children and their parents was determined using the MCDAS(f) and MDAS, respectively. Decayed, missing, and filled tooth (DMFT) indices were employed for the children. Results Children and parents preferred a dentist of the same sex as themselves (p < .05). Anxious children preferred cartoon-printed attire, and children with low anxiety mostly preferred white coats (p = .001). Children who preferred colored coats had higher DMFT (p < .001). Statistically significant differences were found in the attire and glove preferences between children and parents (p < .001). Conclusions The production of white and child-friendly fluid-resistant disposable gowns should be considered. PPE with colored or cartoon print was preferred under the influence of factors that could positively affect anxiety.