Methylmercury and mercury in Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from Turkish coast: Dietary exposure prediction

GEDİK K., Koral S.

Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol.195, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 195
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2023.115457
  • Journal Name: Marine Pollution Bulletin
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Geobase, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Health, Methylmercury, Mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Risk, Total mercury
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


The spatial distribution of total mercury (HgT) and methylmercury (MeHg) in Mediterranean mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) sampled at 23 different stations along Türkiye's Black Sea, the Marmara, and Aegean Sea coasts were investigated in this study. HgT and MeHg were determined using a direct mercury analyzer and ranged 1.10–130.70 μg/kg and 0.22–37.90 μg/kg dry weight, respectively. HgT and MeHg have been determined to have a substantial positive correlation (r2 = 0.94). According to average consumption and portion sizes, the weekly intake (EWI) for MeHg was less than the 1.6 μg/kg/week limits set by the FAO/WHO Joint Committee of Experts on Food Additives (JECFA) for both pediatric and adult consumers. The Target Risk Coefficients (THQ) were calculated to explain the potential long-term exposure scenarios. Our data showed that the excessive consumption of mussels from areas with high MeHg concentrations might pose a risk only for pediatric consumers. The determination of suitable sites for healthy-sustainable mussel production as well as the prevention of collecting mussels from illegal and polluted fields and placing them on the market, should be considered in the context of consumer health awareness.