Anxiety, Motivation, Stress Levels and Associated Factors Among University Students in the COVID-19 Pandemic

Uzun Şahin C., Aydın M., Kulakaç N.

Cyprus Journal of Medical Sciences, vol.7, no.1, pp.94-101, 2022 (ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/cjms.2020.2685
  • Journal Name: Cyprus Journal of Medical Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.94-101
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes



The COVID-19 pandemic has affected almost all over the world and created a great psychological impact on society as well as causing a life-threatening situation. This study was carried out to describe the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare worker candidate university students. The population of this descriptive and cross-sectional study consisted of students studying at health-related departments in three universities in Turkey. The data were collected from 855 students determined with the cluster sampling method using the online survey method. A questionnaire developed by the researchers and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) was used to collect data. Percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA test, Pearson correlation, and linear regression analysis were employed to evaluate the data. It was found that the mean age of the students was 20.85±2.37 years (min: 18; max: 41), 80.5% were women, 38.0% were nursing students, 13.7% had a family member with the diagnosis of COVID-19. Students' BAI mean score was found as 29.00±7.8. According to the multiple linear regression analysis, factors affecting students' anxiety scores significantly were being female, negatively affected sleep and nutrition patterns, decreased motivation, increased stress level, and having a family member with the diagnosis of COVID-19.

We believe that research findings will help to develop psychological support strategies in Turkey and other countries affected by the ongoing pandemic. 


Key Words: COVID-19, healthcare worker candidate, psychological effect, student