Background: The descriptive
study was conducted to determine the
knowledge, attitude and practices of nursing students when it comes to complementary
health approaches (CHA).
Methods: The study was done with 264 nursing students who
were studying at a health school in Turkey. Permission to conduct the study was
obtained from the director of the college, students and ethics committee. Descriptive statistics were used in the analysis of the
data. Percentage and frequency values were given as descriptive statistics.
Spearman correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the relationship between
numerical variables not showing normol distribution. . p<0.05 was considered
Results: The most common CHA were praying, exercising
and imagery therapy. One third of the nursing students had received
information about CHA. Students stated internet, TV, newspapers, magazines, books and family
respectively as information sources. Additionally, nearly half of
the nursing students stated that they have used CHA. The most frequently
used CHA by students was praying. About half of the students used CHA in stress
situations. Most of the students stated that massage was useful. Three fourth
of the students reported that CHA positively affected one’s psychology and
recovery. There was a statistically significant differences between students’
class and use of CHA (p<0.05). A weak positive correlation was found between
the status of nursing students benefiting from CHA and recommending CHA
(r=0.169; p=0.038), and a positive correlation was found between the knowledge
levels of CHA and recommending CHA and (r=0.193; p=0.029) and benefitting from
CHA (r=0.985; p=0.001).
Conclusion: Based on
the results of the research, it was determined that nursing students had a
generally positive attitude about
CHA but their knowledge level and practices related to CHA were insufficient; however,
a positive relationship was found between students' levels of knowledge about
CHA and their recommending and benefiting status of CHA.
Keywords: complementary and alternative medicine, complementary health approaches, nursing students