Evaluation of the effect on the permanent tooth germ and the adjacent teeth by finite element impact analysis in the traumatized primary tooth


KURT A., YAYLACI M., Dizdar A., NARALAN M. E., UZUN YAYLACI E., ÖZTÜRK Ş., ...More

International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ipd.13183
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: deformation, finite element method, permanent tooth germ, primary teeth, stress, traumatic dental injury
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background: One of the primary concerns in the paediatric emergencies is traumatic dental injuries. Objective: This study aimed to create trauma in primary teeth and reveal its effects finite element analysis. Design: Three-dimensional models were created using cone-beam computed tomography images, representing a maxillary primary central incisor. An impact force moving at a speed of 10 m/s was simulated on the labial tooth surface in two directions: buccal and incisal. Results: The stress and deformation experienced in the adjacent tooth due to the primary tooth were higher than those generated in the permanent tooth. Forces applied in the incisal direction resulted in higher levels of stress and deformation in the permanent tooth germ. The difference between the stress and deformation values in primary teeth in the forces applied in the buccal and incisal directions is 21% and 75%, respectively; in the permanent tooth germ, this difference was 233% and 100%, respectively. Conclusions: Based on the findings of this study, it is crucial to thoroughly evaluate not only the affected primary tooth but also the adjacent teeth and the permanent tooth germ in traumatic dental injuries. This comprehensive examination allows for the anticipation and management of potential long-term problems.