Effect of Content and Length of Polypropylene Fibers on Strength and Microstructure of Cementitious Tailings-Waste Rock Fill

Gao B., Cao S., Yılmaz E.

MINERALS, vol.13, no.2, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/min13020142
  • Journal Name: MINERALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: fiber-reinforced cementitious tailings filling, fiber, strength, X-ray CT, microstructure, COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH, FAILURE PATTERN, PASTE, PERFORMANCE, BACKFILL, BEHAVIOR
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


The mechanical strength properties of cemented tailings backfill are very important for the safe and environmentally friendly mining of mineral resources. To check the impact of polypropylene fiber on strength and microstructure of cementitious tailings waste rock fill (CTWRF), diverse fiber lengths (6 and 12 mm) and dosages (0-control specimen, 0.3, 0.6, and 0.9 wt.%) were considered to prepare fiber-reinforced CTWRF (FRCTWRF) matrices. Experiments such as UCS (uniaxial compressive strength), X-ray CT (computed tomography), and SEM (scanning electron microscopy) were implemented to better characterize the backfills studied. Results showed that UCS performance of FRCTWRF was the highest (0.93 MPa) value at 6 mm fiber long and 0.6 wt.% fiber content. The peak strain of FRCTWRF was the highest (2.88%) at 12 mm fiber long and 0.3 wt.% fiber content. Growing the length of fiber within FRCTWRF can reduce its fracture volume, enhancing the crack resistance of FRCTWRF. Fiber and FRCTWRF are closely linked to each other by the products of cement hydration. The findings of this work will offer the efficient use of FRCTWRF in mining practice, presenting diverse perspectives for mine operators and owners, since this newly formed cementitious fill quickens the strengths required for stope backfilling.