Investigation of biogas and hydrogen production from waste water of milk-processing industry in Turkey

COSKUN C., Bayraktar M., Oktay Z., DINCER I.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.37, no.21, pp.16498-16504, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


This study is conducted to determine the potential for producing both biogas and hydrogen from a milk-processing waste water in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that a maximum of 54.2 million m(3)biogas/yr and 12,670 ton H-2/yr can be produced from milk-processing waste water. A total of $15.1 million worth of energy may be supplied every year from the produced biogas. Some Reference calculations for the production of biogas and the economic evaluation are carried out using actual data taken from the plant. Overall hydrogen production energy efficiency for different types of reforming and for different ambient temperatures ranges between 19 and 70% whereas the overall exergy efficiency for 900 C reforming and different ambient temperatures changes between 8 and 48%, respectively. Copyright (C) 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.