The professional values of teachers in the Turkish education system have been discussed in terms of competencies of professional standards. It is important to describe the adoption level of the professional values of elementary teachers based on the views of experts. The aim of this study was to investigate and analyze the professional values of elementary teachers in the Turkish education system. The elementary teachers’ professional values were determined with a qualitative approach. For this purpose, data were collected by using semi-structured interviews with faculty members, school inspectors, school principals, and elementary teachers. According to the findings, the elementary teachers’ professional values were: recognition of students and individual-centered education, planning and organization of the learning and teaching environment, evaluation and monitoring of students, professional development and responsibility, and cooperation with the school, families and community.