Genotyping for Cx26 and Cx30 mutations in cases with congenital hearing loss

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Evirgen N., Solak M., Derekoy S., Erdogan M., Yildiz H., Eser B., ...More

GENETIC TESTING, vol.12, no.2, pp.253-256, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/gte.2007.0106
  • Journal Name: GENETIC TESTING
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.253-256
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: No


Hearing loss is the most frequent sensory defect in human being. The 13q11-q12 region contains the GJB2 and GJB6 genes, which code connexin 26 (CX26) and connexin 30 (CX30) proteins, respectively. The 35delG, 167delT, and 235delC mutations in the Cx26 gene are the main cause for sporadic nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL) in many populations. The 342-kb deletion [del(GJB6-D13S1830)] of the Cx30 gene is the second most common connexin mutation after the 35delG mutation in some NSHL populations. In our study 47 hearing-impaired students were included. The Cx26 gene and the Cx30 gene were analyzed for presence of the 35delG, 167delT, and 342-kb deletion [del(GJB6-D13S1830)]. Genotyping were performed for detecting 35delG, 167delT, and del(GJB6-D13S1830) mutations using the PCR-ELISA techniques. According to the results obtained from 47 cases, the 35delG mutation was detected in 7 cases (similar to 14.9%). Four of these mutations were determined as homozygote mutant (similar to 8.5%), and three were determined as heterozygote mutant (similar to 6.4%). However, 167delT and del(GJB6-D13S1830) mutations were not detected in the study group. These results support the overwhelming majority of 35delG in our study group from deafness school in our study. In conclusion, the 35delG mutation was determined as the most frequently shown mutation that leads to congenital hearing loss as in previous studies from Turkey.