Effects Of Pandemic On Port State Control At Black Sea Mou Region.


5th National / 1st International Congress on Ports (Uluslararası), İzmir, Turkey, 4 - 05 November 2021

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İzmir
  • Country: Turkey
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes




Port State Control (PSC) checks compliance of ships with maritime standards and regulations implementation. These inspections enhance a safe and secure shipment, which also contributes to the protection of the environment against pollution and other undesirable outcomes. Detentions that occur because of inspections provide an important opportunity to understand the problems related to the ship. For this purpose, the association rule mining method was employed to analyze the variables of ship tonnage, ship flag, ship age, ship type, ship class, and detention place to identify hidden patterns and co-occurrences in the dataset divided according to pre-pandemic and pandemic period. Inspection data was acquired from the Black Sea Information System database that consisted of 1800 detentions covering the period of 2015-2021, including June. This paper aims to reveal the inspection and detention trends at the Black Sea MOU Region, before and during the covid-19 pandemic. Pre-pandemic analysis showed that nearly 50% of Russian classed and Russian-flagged general cargo/multipurpose ships with under 10.000 GT were detained in the Samsun Port, and almost 63% of Turkish Lloyd classed and Turkish-flagged general cargo/multipurpose ships with under 10.000 GT were detained in the Novorossiysk Port. On the other hand, pandemic period results showed that almost half of the Panama-flagged and Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (NKK) classed bulk carriers with 10.000 GT were detained in the Novorossiysk Port. In addition, both pre-pandemic and pandemic period analyses revealed that the ships with the highest risk of detention were bulk carriers above 10,000 GT and general cargo/multipurpose ships below 10000 GT.


Keywords: Port State Control, Pandemic, Black Sea MOU.