Assessing the Bilateral Impacts in a Changing Climate in terms of Shipping Sector

Ülker D., Göksu S.

14th International Exergy, Energy, and Environment Symposium (IEEES-14), İstanbul, Turkey, 24 - 27 December 2023, pp.245-248

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.245-248
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


By carrying out 80% of global trade, the shipping industry is an important indicator of globalization. The impact of climate change (CC) on the shipping sector, as well as the impact of shipping on CC, have been widely discussed in the literature. Ships produce exhaust gases like carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), which contribute significantly to global greenhouse gas emissions. If no measures are taken, the future emission scenarios of the IPCC predict that ship-generated CO2 emissions will be more than double the current levels by 2050 (IPCC, 2014). To reduce the impact of shipping on CC, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) is regulating the maritime sector and setting 2050 emissions reduction targets to improve its environmental efficiency. However, the shipping industry is also affected by CC, particularly in terms of changing shipping routes and rising sea levels. This paper reviews the bilateral impacts of global CC on the shipping sector, taking into account scenarios from the IPCC and energy efficiency measures implemented by IMO.