Background: Arterial hypertension (AH) leads to systolic and/or diastolic dysfunction of the left ventricle (LV) by causing structural changes in the myocardium. Myocardial performance index (MPI) provides the evaluation of LV systolic and diastolic functions together. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is an indicator of immunonutritional status. PNI was studied in patients with malignancy, malnutrition, and cardiovascular diseases so far. It was aimed to investigate the relationship between PNI and MPI in hypertensive patients.