Investigation of long-term bisphenol A exposure on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Hematological parameters, biochemical indicator, antioxidant activity, and histopathological examination

Minaz M., Er A., Ak K., Nane İ. D., İpek Z. Z., Yalçın A., ...More

CHEMOSPHERE CHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY AS RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS, vol.303, no.135136, pp.0-8, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 303 Issue: 135136
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.135136
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.0-8
  • Keywords: Bisphenol A, Rainbow trout, Hematology, Antioxidant activity, Histopathology, INDIAN MAJOR CARP, OXIDATIVE STRESS, DEFENSE SYSTEM, FISH, NONYLPHENOL, METABOLISM, RESPONSES, LIVER, WATER, ESTROGENICITY
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


As an industrial synthetic chemical, bisphenol A (BPA) has the potential to have physiologically and histologically adverse effects on aquatic organisms. BPA causes the reproductive disrupting of all vertebrates due to its degradation on endocrine system. Therefore, the effect of BPA on fish with high economic value is an important issue. This study focused weekly on long-term BPA exposure on rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Hematological, biochemical, antioxidant activity and histopathological examinations were performed on O. mykiss exposed to 1000 μg/L BPA concentration. Mortality was observed in the BPA group during the first three weeks. As a result of hematological studies, leukocyte count and hemoglobin in the BPA group were significantly higher in the first three weeks compared to the control group. Plasma cortisol level as a biochemical indicator showed a similar trend to leukocyte and hemoglobin. There was no significant difference between BPA and control groups in terms of superoxide dismutase and catalase. However, glutathione peroxidase activity in the BPA group was significantly lower than in the control group for four weeks. At the end of the study, many alterations were observed histologically in the gill tissues. While more intense hyperplasia and epithelial lifting were observed in the tissues in the BPA group compared to the control group, vacuolization, necrosis and hypertrophy were observed infrequently. In conclusion, this study argues that BPA causes negative effects on O. mykiss in terms of fish welfare and future study should be focused on its environmental adaptation with color preference patterns.