4th POLITICS & INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS CONGRESS, Trabzon, Turkey, 1 - 04 September 2021, pp.303-305
Climate Change continues to be global because scientific research demonstrates that climate change persists to be a threat to ecosystems. When the studies are scrutinised, one of the most imperative factors in the increasingly adverse effects of climate change is human beings. These same studies illustrate that human activities have changed negatively against nature with increasing industrialisation and urbanisation.
When it was understood that this crisis was a global problem, global steps were taking place to be occupied for its solution or mitigation. Many international policies such as Global Climate Policies, Global Common Earth Climate System Protection Policies, Sustainable Development Policies, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Urban Sustainability, Global Justice Policies, and Climate Justice (or injustice) have been implemented. International Cooperation, Scientific Studies, National and International Level Initiatives against Climate Change gained momentum, and the 1988 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was organised. International Agreements regulating the framework of global cooperation has also been put into operation. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol, and the Paris Agreement stand out as the most central joint endeavours serving this purpose.
Along with these applications, local and more regional studies are also designed. As a result of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, developed countries committed to providing funding to help developing countries reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the adverse effects of climate change. The United Kingdom produces policies for this purpose. The UK is trying to answer this problem with the Climate Change Act 2008. However, developed countries such as the United Kingdom are expected to take a more active role. Therefore. The UK also supports commitments to urgent international action to combat climate change, in line with the law.
One of the most striking applications among these is the International Climate Finance program implemented by the United Kingdom. International Climate Finance is the UK government's commitment to supporting developing countries in their response to the challenges and opportunities of climate change. To serve this purpose, the government makes a financial adjustment. About half of the funding is spent on adaptation to help countries and people build resilience to climate change's current and future impacts. The other part is spent on abatement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and support clean growth.
In the light of all these, this study will primarily examine the policies that have been or are planned to be taken on climate change at the global level. Then, the International Climate Finance program, which is considered as one of the collaborative governance approaches for climate change policies, will be evaluated. The pros and cons of the program will be discussed, especially in the 2019/2020 period, along with the goals that they have achieved/failed. Finally, at the end of the study, applicable policy recommendations will be put forward in the light of the necessary data.
Keywords: Climate Change, Collaborative Governance, International Climate Finance, UK