Indole-pyridine carbonitriles: multicomponent reaction synthesis and bio-evaluation as potential hits against diabetes mellitus

Solangi M., Khan K. M., Ji X., Özil M., Baltaş N., Salar U., ...More

Future medicinal chemistry, vol.15, no.21, pp.1943-1965, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.4155/fmc-2023-0087
  • Journal Name: Future medicinal chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1943-1965
  • Keywords: ADME/Tox, antidiabetic agents, enzyme kinetics, in silico, in vitro, indole
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Diabetes mellitus is a significant health disorder; therefore, researchers should focus on discovering new drug candidates. Methods: A series of indole-pyridine carbonitrile derivatives, 1-34, were synthesized through a one-pot multicomponent reaction and evaluated for antidiabetic and antioxidant potential. Results: In this library, 12 derivatives - 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10-12, 14, 15 and 31 - exhibited potent inhibitory activities against α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzymes, in comparison to acarbose (IC50 = 14.50 ± 0.11 μM). Furthermore, kinetics, absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity and molecular docking studies were used to interpret the type of inhibition, binding energies and interactions of ligands with target enzymes. Conclusion: These results indicate that the compounds may be promising hits for controlling diabetes mellitus and its related complications.