16th SILK ROAD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, Tbilisi, Georgia, 14 - 15 October 2021, pp.146-150
Ships are one of the greatest pollutants to the marine environment. Petrochemical products, oil and chemicals in liquid forms are generally carried by ships and those may give catastrophic harm to the environment in case of a spill. Oil, dirty ballast water, tank washing water, chemical liquids (slop tank source), bilge water, solid waste, garbage and waste liquids are considered as marine pollution due to ships. Although various codes and conventions come into force for the prevention of pollution of the marine environment, maritime authorities have been seeking a practical tool to prevent pollution by ships. In recent years, the number and tonnage of ships passing through the Istanbul Strait have increased significantly with increasing demands for energy, raw materials and food. This may trigger potential marine pollution around Istanbul Strait. The aim of this paper is to introduce an intelligent detecting and monitoring system for ship-caused marine pollution in Istanbul Strait. As an implemented project, the North part of Istanbul Strait, the main bridge, was equipped with the smart infrared camera and radar technology which is capable of detecting and monitoring ship-caused marine pollution such as oil, chemical, dirt ballast, etc. Thus, the coastal side of the Istanbul Strait as well as the marine ecosystem can be protected by using remote sensing technologies. The project can be a good role model for similar critical waterways and seasides where the utmost environmental protection is required.