Review of techniques for the removal of trapped rings on fingers with a proposed new algorithm

Kalkan A., Kose O., Tas M., Meric G.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, vol.31, no.11, pp.1605-1611, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Various removal techniques for rings trapped on the finger have been described in the current literature. However, despite this being a frequently encountered situation in emergency departments, there is no comprehensive algorithm to manage and follow these patients in the current literature. The purposes of this study were to describe the most commonly used ring removal techniques and to establish an algorithm for the removal of rings trapped on fingers. We performed a comprehensive literature search in several databases to identify all articles, case reports, letters, and book chapters that focus on ring removal techniques in English language from 1960 to the present. There are 2 methods of removal: (1) noncutting techniques in which the rings can be removed without breaking the integrity of the ring and (2) various ring-cutting equipments and tools. All these techniques are classified into distinct groups and described in detail with illustrations. Furthermore, an algorithm for handling such patients is established according to case-based patient care. Following an algorithm for the removal of trapped rings on the finger will be useful for patients and emergency physicians. It will also prevent possible complications and will save time. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.