Thickness induced magnetic anisotropic properties of Tb-Fe-Co thin films


Yuzuak G. D. , YÜZÜAK E. , Ennen I., Hutten A.

CURRENT APPLIED PHYSICS, vol.29, pp.33-38, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cap.2021.05.014
  • Title of Journal : CURRENT APPLIED PHYSICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.33-38
  • Keywords: Amorphous Tb-Fe-Co thin Films, IP-OOP magnetic Anisotropy direction change, DC magnetic Sputtering, Magneto-optic Kerr effect (MOKE), TBFECO

Abstract

The influence of Tb25Fe61Co14 thin film thicknesses varying from 2 to 300 nm on the structural and magnetic properties has been systematically investigated by using of X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, magnetization, and magneto-optic Kerr effect microscopy measurements. Thin film growth mechanism is pursued and controlled by ex-situ X-ray refractometry measurements. X-ray diffraction studies reveal that the Tb25Fe61Co14 films are amorphous regardless of thin films thicknesses. The magnetic properties are found to be strongly related to thickness and preferred orientation. With an increase in film thickness, the easy axis of magnetization is reversed from in-plane to out-of-plane direction. The change in the easy axes direction also affects the remanence, coercivity and magnetic anisotropy values. The cause for the magnetic anisotropy direction change from in-plane to out-of-plane can be related to the preferred orientation of the thin film which depends on the large out-of-plane coercivity and plays an important role in deciding the easy axes direction of the films. According to our results, up to the 100 nm in-plane direction is dominated over the whole system under major Fe-Fe interaction region, after that point, the magnetic anisotropy direction change to the out-of-plane under major Tb-Fe/Tb-Co interaction region and preferred orientation dependent perpendicular magnetic anisotropic properties become more dominated with 2.7 kOe high coercive field values.