This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (A degrees pek 1999) and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay 2000) were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers and analyzed to describe their organizational culture and organizational commitment perceptions by computing arithmetic means for each dimension constituting these scales. Moreover, the relationships between organizational culture and commitment perceptions were tried to be investigated through the regression analyses to predict the organizational commitment perceptions of primary teachers from their organizational culture perceptions. The study results revealed that primary school teachers perceived all four organizational culture dimensions at moderate levels, but they particularly perceived organizational commitment at internalization and identification levels. They rarely perceived organizational commitment at compliance level. The results revealed that organizational commitment at compliance level was predicted from power and role cultures, while organizational commitment at identification and internalization levels was predicted from achievement and support cultures.