Factors affecting ICT integration in TURKISH education: a systematic review

Turgut Y. E., Aslan A.

EDUCATION AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES, vol.26, no.4, pp.4069-4092, 2021 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10639-021-10441-2
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, EBSCO Education Source, Educational research abstracts (ERA), ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.4069-4092
  • Keywords: Education, ICT integration, Meta-synthesis, Technology integration, Turkey
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


This research aims to reveal factors affecting Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) integration in learning environments in Turkey. The meta-synthesis method is used to make in-depth analysis and to interpret qualitative research findings on this issue. Through inclusion and exclusion criteria, 60 studies among 907 candidate studies accessed from databases named Web of Science, Education Resource Information Center (ERIC) and the Turkish Academic Network and Information Center (ULAKBIM) are included in this research. As a result of analyses, it is revealed that ICT integration into learning environments in Turkey is affected by five factors; students, educational material, infrastructure, management, and teachers. Considering these factors, it has been found that certain factors become prominent namely: the ICT and pedagogy competence of teachers; students' ICT competence; a lack of technical equipment and technical support; a lack of educational materials; the attitudes of school administrators; and the quality and lack of in-service training for ICT. It is concluded that the factors affecting the ICT integration in education are directly or indirectly related to each other, and that ICT integration should be addressed with all its stakeholders and phases as a whole.