Determining Optimum Tilt Angle for 1 MW Photovoltaic System at Sukkur, Pakistan

Creative Commons License

Memon Q. A., Rahimoon A. Q., Ali K., Shaikh M. F., Shaikh S. A., CÜCE E.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHOTOENERGY, vol.2021, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2021
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2021/5552637
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: No


Solar energy is directly converted into electrical energy by using photovoltaic (PV) panels. The efficiency of PV panel varies with its orientation and tilt angle with the horizontal plane. In this paper, we investigate the optimum tilt angle of solar panels installed at Sukkur IBA University. The optimum angle for tilted surfaces varying from 0 degrees to 90 degrees in steps of 1 degrees was calculated for the values of which the daily total solar radiation was maximum for a specific period. It was found that the optimum tilt angle changed between 0 degrees and 61.1 degrees throughout the year in Sukkur IBA University, Sindh Pakistan (latitude = 27:7268 degrees N, longitude = 68:8191 degrees E). For calculating irradiance, optimal fixed (15 and 29.5 degrees) and variable tilt angles are used for every month of year 2019. The irradiance calculated at 15 degrees tilt angle is compared with the fixed angle of 29.5 and variable angles. It was found that optimal tilt angle for the region of Sukkur located in northern Pakistan is to be 29.5 degrees.