This study investigated the effects of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L), mixed species plantation (MSP) [black locust (R. pseudoacacia L) and stone pine (Pinus pinea L)] on surface soil properties in eroded clay soils. Three land use types were selected: black locust plantation area (BLP), mixed species plantation (MSP), and adjacent bare fields (control site) (ABA), in a semi-arid region in Artvin, Turkey. The experimental design at each site was a randomized complete block with four replications in each study area. Five disturbed and five undisturbed soil samples were randomly taken at a soil depth of 0-10 and 10-20 cm in each plot. At 0 to 10 cm soil depth in the BLP and MSP sites, and compared to the control site, field capacity (FC), permanent wilting point (PWP), plant available water (PAW), saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat), soil organic matter (SOM), total nitrogen (TN), P2O5, Ca were significantly greater, while bulk density (Db) and C:N ratio were significantly lower. SOM, PAW, TN, Ec, Mg and Ksat decreased significantly in both sites (BLP and MSP), while clay increased significantly in MSP, and PWP and Db increased significantly with soil depth in BLP site. As a result: Althought these species didn't showed good growth in the study area black locust plantation (BLP) and mixed species plantation (MSP) had a positive impact on surface soil properties in clay soils in eroded sites. The planting of "black locust" and "black locust + stone pine" can be useful in soil reclamation projects in this type of eroded site in semi-arid regions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.