PLANLAMA-PLANNING, vol.29, no.3, pp.229-246, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Social life takes place in public spaces such as streets and squares. Public spaces; accumulates traces of public life and creates "public memory". Urban spaces, which are the symbols of the past or the root of the public memory, are effective in building urban belonging. When the squares are accepted as one of the important representatives of social life; It is important to examine the role of squares in providing urban belonging and the effects of formal changes in squares on the feelings of root and belonging. The aim of this study is to examine the role of urban squares in public memory and their effects on urban belonging. In this context, the study was conducted on Trabzon-Municipality Square scale. In Trabzon city scale; Municipality Square, which has continuity in the context of spatial and historical continuity, its role in social life, its position in the city, has been considered as a study area. Research data; The survey was conducted in Trabzon Municipality Square during August-2016 with 50 people and cognitive mapping methods were performed on 37 people. The numerical data were evaluated statistically. Data obtained from cognitive mapping were evaluated in the context of social cognition mapping. It is seen that concepts such as trust in urban areas, space recognition and spatial experience support spatial and urban belonging. Depending on the spatial experience, the degree of attachment to the square varies.