World and Turkey Fishery Production In The First Quarter of The 21st Century

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Çiloğlu E.

ANKARA INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH-VII, Ankara, Turkey, 2 - 04 December 2022, vol.1, no.15, pp.360

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.360
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Fisheries production is adversely affected due to excessive fishing pressure and unconscious fishing methods around the world. Reducing the pressure on natural fish stocks increases the importance of aquaculture in supplying the need for cheap and abundant protein. In parallel with the rapid increase in world aquaculture production to supply the nutritional needs of an increasing population, there has been a noticeable increase in the amount of production obtained by aquaculture although there has not been a steadily increasing amount of production obtained by capturing. While total fishery production (capture + aquaculture) was 125.999 million tons worldwide in 2000 and 582.376 tons in Turkey, these figures increased to 178 million tons in the world and 785.811 tons in Turkey by 2020. The sea fishery amounts of the world and Turkey were 81.59 million tons and 582.376 tons, and their aquaculture amounts were 18.694 billion tons and 43.38 million tons, respectively, among the product amounts in 2000. In 2020, the world's and Turkey's aquaculture production amounts were 87.502.609 tons and 421.411 tons, respectively. In the world, aquaculture is mostly handled by Asian countries, especially China, India, and Indonesia. Sardine (Sardina pilchardus), atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda), haddock (Merlangius merlangus), European hake (Merluccius merluccius) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus) are the most common species. The most caught species in the world are anchovy (Engraulis ringens), Alaska pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus), Skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacore), blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou), Pacific mackerel (Scomber japonicus), and European pilchard (Sardina pilchardus). Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus, etc.), shrimp (Prapenaeus longirostris, etc.), molluscs, salmon (Salmo salar, etc.), carp (Cyprinus carpio, etc.), fish (Silurus glanis, etc.), crustaceans (Crustacea), and other freshwater species. As of 2020, considering the fishing vessel fleets, Asia has the largest number of motorized fishing vessels, while the Americas have the 2nd largest motorized fishing vessel fleet. There is no non-motorized fishing vessel in the fleet of European continental fishing vessels. As a result, the catchable stock size has been reached in Turkey’s seas as well as in the rest of the global seas, and unfortunately, there is no possibility to increase production through hunting. In addition, the fishing fleets of countries engaged in aquaculture around the world are increasing and getting stronger day by day. The priority when dealing with stock management should be to protect seas and inland waters from negative effects such as pollution. Keywords: Fishing, Fishing fleet, Aquaculture, Fish species, Production