Transepithelial High-Intensity Cross-Linking for the Treatment of Progressive Keratoconus: 2-year Outcomes

Kir M. B., Turkyilmaz K., Oner V.

CURRENT EYE RESEARCH, vol.42, no.1, pp.28-31, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/02713683.2016.1148742
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.28-31
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: To report 2-year outcomes of transepithelial high-intensity cross-linking (CXL) procedure in the treatment of patients with progressive keratoconus.Methods: Forty-eight eyes of 48 consecutive progressive keratoconus patients who underwent transepithelial accelerated CXL procedure were enrolled in the study. Each patient underwent pre- and postoperative comprehensive ophthalmologic examinations including determination of refractive error as spherical equivalent (SE) and corrected distant visual acuity (CDVA), slit lamp biomicroscopic examination, fundoscopy, and a detailed analysis on a Scheimplug+Placido device (Sirius, CSO, Florence, Italy). The riboflavin solution, which was composed of riboflavin 0.25% with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) and benzalkonium chloride (BAC) (ParaCel, Avedro), was used in the procedure. The cornea was exposed to ultraviolet A light (KXL System, Avedro Inc., Waltham, MS, USA) for 2 minutes and 40 seconds at an irradiance of 45 mW/cm(2).Results: The mean age of the patients was 25.9 4.0 (ranging from 18 to 33) years. No significant changes were observed in the mean CDVA, SE, and topographic indices at year 1 and year 2 visits compared to preoperative examination. The mean corneal thickness at the thinnest point was significantly higher at year 1 and year 2 visits than at preoperative examination (p1 = 0.014 and p2 = 0.017, respectively). No intra- or postoperative complications or adverse reactions were observed.Conclusions: Transepithelial high-intensity (irradiance of 45 mW/cm(2) for 2 minutes and 40 seconds) CXL using 0.25% riboflavin solution was a safe and effective method to halt the progression of keratoconus for a 2-year follow-up period.