The evolution of the HFACS method used in analysis of marine accidents: A review


KAPTAN M. , Sarialioglu S., Ugurlu O., Wang J.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS, vol.86, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 86
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ergon.2021.103225
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ERGONOMICS
  • Keywords: HFACS, Marine accident, Accident analysis, Human factor, RELIABILITY QUANTIFICATION TECHNIQUES, COMMERCIAL AVIATION ACCIDENTS, HUMAN ERROR ANALYSIS, CLASSIFICATION-SYSTEM, ORGANIZATIONAL-FACTORS, EXPLOSION ACCIDENTS, BAYESIAN NETWORK, RISK-MANAGEMENT, FAULT-TREE, MODEL

Abstract

The importance of accident investigations carried out in every field where operators play a vital role is increasingly recognised. Many researchers argue that understanding accident formation is the most important way to prevent future disasters. In this research, an analysis of the modified Human Factor Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) structures developed for use in the analysis of marine accidents was conducted. These structures include HFACS-PV (Passenger Vessels), HFACS-MA (Maritime Accidents), HFACS-Coll (Collisions), HFACS-SIBCI (ship collision accidents between assisted ships and icebreakers in ice-covered waters) and HFACSGround (Groundings). In this study, revisions in HFACS structures were examined. It was found that the accident factors were classified at different levels to facilitate the application of the original HFACS framework. The first of the remarkable differences among the basically developed methods is the level of external factors (first level), where the accident factors arising from national and international rules are classified. The second is the level of operational conditions (last level). It has been observed that the precondition for the unsafe acts level has been revised in all methods examined. This study will guide researchers in choosing an HFACS structure suitable for the area they will study, as well as revealing different aspects of the modified methods examined in marine accident analysis.