A new activated carbon-supported Pd-ZnO catalyst for Heck Cross-coupling reactions

Karaoğlu K., Özçifçi Z., Çalışkan M., Türker Akçay H. T., Baran T.

INORGANIC CHEMISTRY COMMUNICATIONS, vol.154, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 154
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.inoche.2023.110950
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, DIALNET
  • Keywords: Heck Cross-coupling, Activated carbon, Hybrid catalyst
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


In this work, to develop catalysts for Heck-type coupling reactions, a hybrid ZnO-Pd nanocatalyst was fabricated on activated carbon sourced from polymer debris. Such techniques as transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis were applied for the identification of hybrid materials. The catalytic conversion capacity of the hybrid material was tested by Heck cross-coupling reactions through a series of aryl iodides and bromines with styrene. It was observed that cross-coupling reactions were catalyzed by designed hybrid material with a reaction yield of more than 90%. The recyclability of the hybrid was also tested by Heck reaction of 1-bromo-4-nitrobenzene with styrene, and the hybrid catalyst showed remarkable stability up to 5 cycles.