CONTRIBUTION OF T-HEAD GROINS TO BEACH FORMATION


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Süme V.

Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, vol.29, no.12, pp.10799-10803, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Title of Journal : Fresenius Environmental Bulletin
  • Page Numbers: pp.10799-10803

Abstract

First time, T-head groins were built to protect

the shore in 1998-2000 during the double highway

construction, along the Black Sea Coast in Turkey.

Between the years 2000-2018 the contribution of Thead

shaped groins to beach formation and their

positive or negative effects on the change of coast

and submarine topography were examined in

addition to protecting the coast the possibility of

used as a beach has also been investigated. As a

research methods the T-head groins were marked

on the map then obtained measurements of

bathymetric depth by taking echo sounders, for the

survey area so bathymetric maps were prepared.

Afterwards, bathymetric depth measurements were

repeated at the winter and summer. What kind of

materials fill in T-head groins? Can be used T-head

groins as beach? Does T-head groins have positive

or negative contributions along the seashore to

beach formation? In this study, such questions

answers have been searched. As a result of the

research, it was observed that the T-head groins

were seen to have formed a sandy area along the

coast where could be used as beach and it was

found provided very positive contributions to the

seacoast.