The cytidine-5'-triphosphate (CTP) synthase (EC 18.104.22.168) gene (pyrG) was cloned and sequenced from the thermophilic bacterium Anoxybacillus gonensis G2 (Ago). The gene is 1590 bp in length and encodes a protein of 530 amino acids, with a molecular mass of 59.5 kDa. The amino acid sequence of CTP synthase shares approximately 90%-94% similarity to Bacillus sp., and it belongs to the triad glutamine amidotransferases, which utilize a Cys-His-Glu triad for activity. Multiple sequence alignments revealed that the enzyme includes conserved amino acids responsible for catalytic activity and the binding of a divalent metal ion (Mg+2). AgoCTP synthase (AgoG2CTPs) was overproduced in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) pLysS as recombinant and purified by nickel affinity chromatography. Its biochemical characterization showed that the enzyme had maximal activity at pH 9.0-10.0 and 65 degrees C. K-m, V-max, and k(cat) were found to be approximately 12.415 mM, 0.381 U/L, and 0.762 s(-1) at 65 degrees C, respectively. CTP synthase promotes the formation of CTP in dividing cells and is a recognized target for anticancer and antibacterial drugs. The results obtained from this study can be improved upon with the use of different species and substrates.