Histopathological Findings in Turkish Patients Undergoing Sleeve Gastrectomy: Is Histopathologic Examination of Sleeve Gastrectomy Specimens Clinically Important?

Paşaoğlu H. E., Özcan T. B., Öztürk Ç., Çelik E., Şavlı T. B., Vartanoğlu T.

Obesity Surgery, vol.33, no.9, pp.2808-2815, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11695-023-06728-7
  • Journal Name: Obesity Surgery
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2808-2815
  • Keywords: Histopathology, Obesity, Sleeve gastrectomy, Unexpected findings
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: No


Purpose: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is a widely used surgical method in the treatment of obesity. This study aimed to reveal the histopathological changes in SG materials and to investigate the prevalence of clinically important lesions requiring follow-up. Materials and Methods: Three hundred five patients’ data who underwent SG were analyzed. Cases were divided into three groups as normal, chronic inactive gastritis (CIG), and chronic active gastritis (CAG). Age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) of the three groups and the differences in the gastritis parameters of CIG and CAG groups were compared. Results: Thirty-three patients (10.8%) were in the normal group, 145 (47.5%) were in the CIG group, and 127 (41.6%) were in the CAG group. Preoperative endoscopic examination was performed in all cases, but Helicobacter pylori (HP) treatment was not applied. HP were detected in 39.3%, atrophy in 3.9%, intestinal metaplasia (IM) in 4.9%, and lymphoid follicle (LF) in 30% of the cases. Inflammation, atrophy, IM, LF, and HP were significantly higher in the CAG group. The proton pump inhibitor (PPI)–related changes were seen in 20 cases and it was more frequent in the CIG group. Intramucosal signet ring cell carcinoma was detected in 1 case. Endocrine cell hyperplasia and dysplasia were present in 7 cases with CAG. Multiple grade 1 neuroendocrine tumors were detected in just 1 case. Conclusion: In our SG specimens, HP and clinically important lesions were significantly higher in the CAG group. Pathological examination should be carefully done as the lesions detected in SG specimens can change patient management. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].