The therapeutic effect of thymoquinone on acoustic trauma-induced hearing loss in rats

OĞURLU M., ERDIVANLI O. C. , Tumkaya L. , OZGUR A. , COSKUN Z. O. , Terzi S. , ...More

EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY, vol.274, no.2, pp.743-749, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 274 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00405-016-4319-4
  • Page Numbers: pp.743-749
  • Keywords: Thymoquinone, Acoustic trauma, Hearing loss, Antioxidant activity, NIGELLA-SATIVA OIL, INNER-EAR, COCHLEAR DAMAGE, INTENSE NOISE, INJURY, ANTIOXIDANT, PRODUCTS


Thymoquinone has antioxidant properties. We hypothesized that thymoquinone may prevent or alleviate hearing loss induced by acoustic trauma. We aimed to study thymoquinone's effect on hearing function with distortion-product otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem response. Thirty adult Spraque Dawley rats were randomized into four groups following exposure to acoustic trauma for 4 h. Control group (n = 7) did not receive further treatment. Thymoquinone-20 (n = 8) and Thymoquinone-40 (n = 8) received 20 and 40 mg/kg of intraperitoneal thymoquinone, respectively. Corn-oil group (n = 7) received 1 ml of corn oil intraperitoneally. Hearing function of both ears was tested with distortion-product otoacoustic emission and auditory brainstem response before, and shortly after acoustic trauma, and 96 h following acoustic trauma. Post-trauma signal/noise ratios and wave V amplitude/latencies of all groups were significantly low compared with pre-trauma values, which indicate no preventive effect of thymoquinone. Rats in Thymoquinone-20 showed a significantly improved distortion-product otoacoustic emission and auditory brainstem response results at 4000 frequency and above in post-treatment tests (p < 0.05). Improvement in Thymoquinone-40 at the same frequencies was insignificantly inferior to Thymoquinone-20, yet superior to control and corn-oil groups (p < 0.05). We conclude that thymoquinone may not prevent acoustic trauma-induced hearing loss, however, at 20 mg/kg for 96 h, may repair the damage.