The capability of Ctenanthe setosa (Rosc.) Eichler (Marantaceae), pre-exposed to severe drought stress, of adaptation to a new drought conditions was investigated. C. setosa unstressed plants were exposed to drought period of 70 days. These plants were named as primary-stress plants (PS). They were trimmed, and new plants were produced from their rhizomes. New growing plants were named as post-stress emerging (PSE) plants. It was observed that leaf area and petiole length of PSE plants were reduced, as compared to unstressed plants. When PSE plants were exposed to a second drought-stress cycle, it was determined that the degree of their leaf rolling was higher but their relative water content (RWC) was less than these parameters of PS plants during drought period. However, at the 81% rolling degree, RWC in PSE plants was higher than in PS plants. Consequently, it can be said that the PSE plant were more resistant to a new drought stress than unstressed and PS plants. In the leaves of PSE plants, which were exposed to a second drought-stress period, the content of soluble protein decreased in the early period of drought, but increased in the later periods. Also, the content of reducing sugar in PSE plants gradually decreased during the stress period. Proline content increased markedly during drought period, whereas peroxidase activity increased up to the 60th day and then decreased.