Evaluation of the effectiveness of the tuba uterina tubular flap in the peripheral nervous system regeneration in rats


Yildirim M. E. C. , DADACI M., İNCE B., Uyar I., Yarar S., OLTULU P., ...More

JOURNAL OF PLASTIC SURGERY AND HAND SURGERY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/2000656x.2021.1934844
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PLASTIC SURGERY AND HAND SURGERY

Abstract

Nerve conduits could be used to provide a bridge between both nerve endings. In this study, the tuba uterina of female rats were prepared in a vascularized pedicled flap model and it used as a nerve conduit. The aim was to investigate the effectiveness of a vascularized pedicle nerve conduit and its ciliated epithelium in a sciatic nerve defect. The study was conducted between May and August 2018, and used a total of 60, 14-16-week-old female Wistar albino rats. Six groups were created; Cut and Unrepaired Group, Nerve Graft Group, Flap-Forward Group (Tuba uterina tubular flap, forward direction), Flap-Reversed Group (Tuba uterina tubular flap, reverse direction), Graft-Forward Group (Tuba uterina tubular graft, forward direction) and Graft-Reverse Group (Tuba uterina tubuler graft, reverse direction). Nerve regeneration was evaluated 3 months (90 days) after the surgery by the following methods: (1) Sciatic Functional Index (SFI) measurement, (2) Electromyographic (EMG) assessment, (3) Microscopic assessment with the light microscope and (4) Microscopic assessment with the electron microscope. According to the SFI, EMG and microscopic assessments with the light and electron microscope, it was observed that the transfer of tuba uterina tubular conduit as a graft was statistically better in its effect on nerve regeneration than flap transfer, but also indicated that the direction of the ciliated structures had no significant effect. We believe that as this model is improved with future studies, it will shed light on new models, ideas and innovations about nerve conduits.