Ethyl pyruvate attenuates cisplatin-induced ovarian injury in rats via activating Nrf2 pathway

DEMİR S., MENTEŞE A., Kucuk H., YULUĞ E., Alemdar N., AYAZOĞLU DEMİR E., ...More

DRUG AND CHEMICAL TOXICOLOGY, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/01480545.2023.2217481
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Cisplatin, ethyl pyruvate, endoplasmic reticulum stress, fertility, inflammation, Nrf2, oxidative stress, STRESS
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Although cisplatin (CDDP) is an antineoplastic drug widely used for the treatment of various tumors, its toxicity on the reproductive system is a concern for patients. Ethyl pyruvate (EP) possesses potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of EP on CDDP-mediated ovotoxicity for the first time. Rats were exposed to CDDP (5 mg/kg) and then treated with two doses of EP (20 and 40 mg/kg) for 3 days. Serum fertility hormone markers were evaluated using ELISA kits. Oxidative stress (OS), inflammation, endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) and apoptosis markers were also determined. In addition, how CDDP affects the nuclear factor erythroid 2-associated factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway and the effect of EP on this situation were also addressed. EP improved CDDP-induced histopathological findings and restored decreasing levels of fertility hormones. EP treatment also reduced the levels of CDDP-mediated OS, inflammation, ERS and apoptosis. In addition, EP attenuated CDDP-induced suppression in the levels of Nrf2 and its target genes, including heme oxygenase-1, NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase-1, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. Histological and biochemical results showed that EP can have therapeutic effects against CDDP-induced ovotoxicity with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and Nrf2 activator activities.