Prognostic criteria of the patients with gastric cancer are of critical importance in their management and follow-up. Angiogenesis is essential for the growth and metastasis of solid tumors. Tumor angiogenesis is a multi-step interactive process, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors have a major role in tumor angiogenesis. Thus, we investigated the effects of VEGF and VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2, KDR) on survival in patients with gastric cancer. We analyzed 5 1 patients who had undergone total or subtotal gastric resection. The patients were divided into two subgroups according to their VEGF and VEGFR-2 (KDR) expression in resected specimens. There was no significant difference between sex, surgical method, lymph node metastasis, serosal invasion, hematogenous metastasis, chemotherapy status of the two Subgroups. Mean follow-up time was 24.22 +/- 15.38 months. We found the survival rates of the patients with VEGF positive tumors to be significantly shorter than those of the patients with VEGF negative tumors. There was no significant difference between the survival rates of VEGFR-2 (KDR) positive and negative patients. It was established that the presence of VEGF expression was significantly associated with the short survival rates In patients with gastric cancer. Analysis of VEGF expression in resected specimens may provide additional guidance in determining the prognosis of such patients. If more extensive Studies confirm the significance of VEGF and its receptors in gastric cancer, new therapeutic approaches targeting VEGF and its receptors may be considered in gastric cancer management.