14th International Exergy, Energy, and Environment Symposium, İstanbul, Turkey, 24 - 27 December 2023, pp.1-6
Developments in maritime trade are the most important indicator of globalization since almost %80 of global trade is carried out by ships. For this reason, the impact of the shipping sector on climate change and the impact of climate change on the shipping sector has a significant share in the literature. Exhaust gas generated from ships which are mainly carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) have a significant share of global greenhouse gas emissions. The future emission scenarios of the IPCC show that ship-generated CO2 emissions will be higher than twice the value of the present emissions by 2050 if no measures are taken (IPCC, 2014). The International Maritime Organization (IMO) regulates the maritime sector to improve the environmental efficiency of the shipping sector to reduce the impact of shipping on climate change with 2050 emissions reduction targets. However, this sector is under the impact of climate change in terms of changing shipping routes and sea level rise. This paper reviewed the bilateral impacts of global climate change in terms of the shipping sector considering scenarios of IPCC and energy efficiency measures by IMO.