Comparison of the effects of PMDD and pre-menstrual syndrome on mood disorders and quality of life: A cross-sectional study

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Balik G., Hocaoglu C., KAĞITÇI M., GUVEN E. S. G.

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, vol.35, no.6, pp.616-620, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.3109/01443615.2014.991283
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.616-620
  • Keywords: brief disability, pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder, pre-menstrual syndrome, quality of life, DYSPHORIC DISORDER, SYMPTOMS, PREVALENCE, DEPRESSION, ILLNESS, BURDEN, WOMEN
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, we compared psychiatric symptoms, quality of life and disability in patients with pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS). Forty-nine women with PMDD were compared with 43 women with PMS. All participants were asked to complete a socio-demographic data collection form, a Brief Disability Questionnaire, a medical study short form-36 (SF-36) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) forms. The patients with PMDD had higher HAD-A and HAD-D scores than the patients in PMS group (p < 0.01). No statistically significant differences were found on brief disability between two groups (p > 0.05), but both groups had medium level of brief disability. The PMDD group had a lower SF-36 scoring than the PMS group in every compared parameters (p < 0.01). PMS and PMDD may lead to brief disability, and PMDD may cause loss of quality of life and psychological problems. The evaluation of patients with PMS and PMDD pre-menstrual disorders should be more detailed.