Determination of Failure Modes for Safe Ship Operations Under Dynamic Risk Conditions

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Göksu S., Arslan Ö.

4th International Conference on Innovative Academic Studies (ICIAS 2024), Konya, Turkey, 12 - 13 March 2024, pp.768-774

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Konya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.768-774
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Ships with which many dangerous operations are performed are under the influence of both static and dynamic risks. Static risks are caused by the nature of ship operations, and dynamic risks are caused by seafarers, machines, environment, and many other similar factors. The addition of important uncertainties and variable factors to the static risks of ship operations creates a complex and dynamic working environment. Creating an operational risk profile by updating the risks that arise under changing circumstances is important to provide the safety of ships. Failures that are unforeseen or that are considered insignificant caused by dynamic risks might cause large-scale accidents. Determining risks and identifying the failures related to these risks are the most important steps in preventing accidents. In this paper, dynamic factors, which increase risks in ship operations, were determined; and potential failure modes caused by dynamic risk factors were identified. The reasons and possible effects of these failure modes playing roles in the occurrence of these failures were also discussed. Finally, effective and applicable risk reduction or prevention and control options were recommended for these failure modes. The purpose of this paper is to prevent loss of life, marine pollution, and property damage in ship operations with risk management.