The Prevalence of Obesity and Dietary Habits among High School Students in Çayeli District ofRize Province

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Gümüşler Başaran A., Çan G.

International Journal of Nursing and Health Science, vol.3, no.7, pp.20-27, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)



A. Background: The incidence of obesity which has been observed since childhood and adolescence, is increasing each passing day, and it is acknowledged that those suffering from obesity during adolescence have a high risk of having obesity during adulthood. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of obesity and dietary habits by examining the Body Mass Index of the students among entire high schools in the Çayeli District of Rize Province.

B. Methods: The study was a cross-sectional study conducted in December 2005 with a total of 1746 students among entire high schools in Çayeli. An applied survey including sociodemographic characteristics, physical activity, and dietary habits was executed among the students, and BMI was calculated by measuring the height and weight of the students at the same time and dietary habits.

C. Results: 45% of the students participating in the study are girls, and 55% are boys. In this study, it was found that the total number of students who are overweight and have an obesity rate of 15.7% may be considered high. In addition, significant differences were determined in accordance with the income level, the number of people living at home, metabolic disease diagnosed in the family, and having obesity. In general, the consumption rate is high in all food groups, but no significant difference was found between food groups and BMI.

D. Conclusions The issue of overweight and obesity are at higher rates similar to other studies. Adequate and balanced diet rates are low.