UV coated acrylics as a substitute for generic glazing in buildings of Indian climatic conditions: Prospective for energy savings, CO2 abatement, and visual acceptability


Ramana Maduru V., Saboor S., Cüce E. , Afzal A., Panchal H., Mert Cüce A. P.

ENERGY AND BUILDINGS, vol.268, pp.112231, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 268
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2022.112231
  • Title of Journal : ENERGY AND BUILDINGS
  • Page Numbers: pp.112231

Abstract

    The generic clear glass used in the existing buildings has the limitations such as high heat gain/loss, glare, and poor thermal performance. Substitution for the existing building conventional glazing systems should be given full consideration in sustainable development due to its significant impact on energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The study explores various UV-coated acrylics as a substitute for generic clear glass. Thermo-optical characterization was performed to calculate UV-coated acrylics' un-steady state thermal transmittance and solar-optical properties. A thermo-economic analysis of UV-coated acrylics was undertaken in a four-floor high glazed building in two different Indian climates (hot and temperate) to assess the reductions in heat gains, corresponding energy savings, and carbon emission mitigations. The findings revealed that UV-coated acrylics' heat gain/loss inside the buildings was reduced compared to the generic clear glass. Compared to generic clear glass, UV-coated acrylics reduced heat gain by 25.5% and 23.5% in hot and temperate climes, respectively. Reduced heat gains resulted in energy savings for cooling and heating requirements, resulting in annual cost savings of 8667 $/year for a temperate climate and 5974 $/year for a hot climate, respectively. Lower energy requirements for cooling and heating resulted in carbon reductions of 88.7 and 56.2 tCO2/year for temperate and hot climates, respectively. Energy Plus simulations have been used to validate the mathematical model results and evaluate daylight infiltration in buildings with UV-coated acrylics at various brightness levels. UV-coated acrylics' measured daylight ingress metrics and color rendering metrics ensure good visual acceptability in building interiors.

      The generic clear glass used in the existing buildings has the limitations such as high heat gain/loss, glare, and poor thermal performance. Substitution for the existing building conventional glazing systems should be given full consideration in sustainable development due to its significant impact on energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The study explores various UV-coated acrylics as a substitute for generic clear glass. Thermo-optical characterization was performed to calculate UV-coated acrylics' un-steady state thermal transmittance and solar-optical properties. A thermo-economic analysis of UV-coated acrylics was undertaken in a four-floor high glazed building in two different Indian climates (hot and temperate) to assess the reductions in heat gains, corresponding energy savings, and carbon emission mitigations. The findings revealed that UV-coated acrylics' heat gain/loss inside the buildings was reduced compared to the generic clear glass. Compared to generic clear glass, UV-coated acrylics reduced heat gain by 25.5% and 23.5% in hot and temperate climes, respectively. Reduced heat gains resulted in energy savings for cooling and heating requirements, resulting in annual cost savings of 8667 $/year for a temperate climate and 5974 $/year for a hot climate, respectively. Lower energy requirements for cooling and heating resulted in carbon reductions of 88.7 and 56.2 tCO2/year for temperate and hot climates, respectively. Energy Plus simulations have been used to validate the mathematical model results and evaluate daylight infiltration in buildings with UV-coated acrylics at various brightness levels. UV-coated acrylics' measured daylight ingress metrics and color rendering metrics ensure good visual acceptability in building interiors.