Nitric oxide could allay arsenic phytotoxicity in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) by modulating photosynthetic pigments, phytochelatin metabolism, molecular redox status and arsenic sequestration


Ghorbani A., Pishkar L., Roodbari N., PEHLİVAN GEDİK N. , Wu C.

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.167, pp.337-348, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 167
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.plaphy.2021.08.019
  • Title of Journal : PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.337-348
  • Keywords: Solanum lycopersicum L., Arsenic toxicity, Sodium nitroprusside, Phytochelatin, Vacuolar sequestration, Oxidative stress, INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS, SODIUM-NITROPRUSSIDE, METHYLGLYOXAL DETOXIFICATION, PLANT-GROWTH, ANTIOXIDANT, TOLERANCE, ACID, ACCUMULATION, GLUTATHIONE, TOXICITY

Abstract

Plants do not always have the genetic capacity to tolerate high levels of arsenic (As), which may not only arrest their growth but pose potential health risks through dietary bioaccumulation. Meanwhile, the interplay between the tomato plants and As-NO-driven molecular cell dynamics is obscure. Accordingly, seedlings were treated with As (10 mg/L) alone or in combination with 100 mu M sodium nitroprusside (SNP, NO donor) and 200 mu M 2-(4-carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide (cPTIO, NO scavenger). Sodium nitroprusside immobilized As in the roots and reduced the shoot translocation by up-regulating the transcriptional expression of the PCS, GSH1, MT2, and ABC1. SNP further restored the growth retardation through modulating the chlorophyll and proline metabolism, increasing NO accumulation and stomatal conductance along with clear crosstalk between the antioxidant activity as well as glyoxalase I and II leading to endogenous H2O2 and MG reduction. Higher PCs and glutathione accumulation helped protect photosynthetic apparatus; however, cPTIO reversed the protective effects of SNP, confirming the role of NO in the As toxicity alleviation.