Investigation of the Essential Oil Components of Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi. subsp. glandulosa Plant


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Yurteri E. , Seyis F. , Küplemez H.

3. International Baku Scientific Researches Conference, Baku, Azerbaijan, 15 October 2021, pp.192-194

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Baku
  • Country: Azerbaijan
  • Page Numbers: pp.192-194

Abstract

Essential oils are usually complex mixtures of natural compounds of both polar and apolar

structure. Essential oils consist mainly of terpenoids and their oxygenated derivatives.

Essential oils, which have antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, have therapeutic properties

and are the raw materials of cosmetics, as well as acting as natural additives in foods and food

products. Calamintha nepeta (L.) savi. subsp. glandulosa, a perennial plant belonging to the

Lamiaceae family, is a medicinal and aromatic plant that stands out for its rich essential oil

components. In traditional medicine, the plant has been used as an antiseptic, stimulant,

antispasmodic and diuretic. The genus Calamintha is represented in the flora of Turkey by a

total of 13 taxa with subspecies, 6 of which are endemic, among 9 species. In this study, the

essential oil components of Calamintha nepeta plants were investigated collected from the

Amlakit (1900 m) and Çat (1750 m) plateau of Rize at the time of flowering. The proportion

of essential oils of the plant harvested during the full flowering period and the aromatic

components in the essential oil of the plant were determined using the SPME (Solid Phase

Microextraction) method in a Gas Chromatography (GC-MS) device. Almost 30 different

components were found as a result of the analysis. The main components were found as

pulegone (30.3%) and menthone (12.1%) in Amlakıt plateau and pulegone (25.5%) and

menthone (16.7%) in Çat plateau.