Optical, vibrational, electrical, and electrochemical studies of new plasticized methylcellulose-based solid polymer electrolytes for supercapacitor application


Azemtsop T. M.

Electrochemical Science Advances, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/elsa.202300018
  • Journal Name: Electrochemical Science Advances
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Keywords: EDLC, Ionic conductivity, methylcellulose, polymer electrolyte, transference number
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In this work, new plasticized solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) are developed using MC (methylcellulose) as a polymer host, and sodium iodide (NaI) as a dopant via the solution casting method. Ethyl carbonate (EC) is used as a plasticizing agent to improve the properties of the SPEs. Polarized optical microscopy analysis reveals that the surface morphology of the MC-NaI-EC films contained porous amorphous regions owing to the presence of EC. The complex formation between MC, NaI, and EC is confirmed by Fourier-transform infrared spectra. The addition of EC in the MC-NaI polymer salt matrix enhances the electrochemical properties of the prepared films. The highest ionic conductivity of 5.06×10−3 S/cm is achieved for the composition: MC+50 wt. % NaI +10 wt. % EC. The linear sweep voltammetry test reveals that the optimal plasticized-SPE can withstand up to 2.5 V. The ionic transference number analysis reveals that 99% of ions contribute to the total conductivity. The optimized SPE film and graphene oxide-based electrodes are used to manufacture a solid-state electrical double-layer capacitor. The coulomb efficiency of the supercapacitor cell is 100%, and the specific capacitance of the supercapacitor is found to be 18.56 F/g utilizing impedance data at low frequency.