The effects of freeze-thaw cycles and block size on the use of the Gumuhane Granitoid (Gumuhane/Turkey) as building stone


ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES, vol.14, no.15, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 15
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12517-021-07694-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Geobase, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Block volume, Freeze-thaw, Gumuhane Granitoid, Monzogranite, Building stone, Responsible editor: Zeynal Abiddin Erguler, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, ROCK
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


The present study aims to examine the usability of the Gumuhane Granitoid as a building stone taking into consideration the short-term freeze-thaw cycles and mean block volume. A total of 180 specimens were used in the study prepared from the block samples compiled from 10 different areas in the Gumuhane (NE Turkey) provincial borders. Mean block volume was calculated about 8 dm(3) during the discontinuity studies carried out on the Gumuhane Granitoid; as a result of which, it was determined that the granitoids are suited for obtaining blocks. The annual freeze-thaw cycle map of Turkey was used for determining the number of freeze-thaw cycles to be applied on the rocks in addition to taking into account the weathering of monzogranites. A total of 25 freeze-thaw cycle tests were applied on the rocks with experimental studies repeated at every 5 cycles. It was determined following the freeze-thaw tests that significant changes have occurred especially in the strength and water absorption parameters of the monzogranites and that they have been affected negatively. This indicates that the monzogranites are not suited for outdoor use as building stone in regions such as the Gumuhane province and regions with similar climate characteristics, but that they can be used in a lot of regions with more moderate climates. As a building stone, monzogranites can be used either as cobblestone, curbstone, or paving stone subject to their mean block volume. It is considered that the widespread of the Gumuhane Granitoid may provide a substantial economical income to the country.