Background: In this study, we aimed to analyze the effects of admission time to the hospital and different variables on the treatment efficiency and to evaluate the recurrence during the clinical management process in patients with the diagnosis of primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Methods: A total of 149 patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax (131 males, 18 females; mean age: 24.8 +/- 6.8 years; range, 17 to 35 years) treated in our clinic between January 2015 and December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Time from symptom onset to hospital admission (admission time) was classified as three periods: <24 h, between 24 and 72 h, and >72 h. Data including admission time, demographic and clinical characteristics, smoking history, body mass index, the use of pleurectomy or pleural abrasion during surgery were collected from the charts of the patients. Results: Admission time had no statistically significant effect on the length of hospital stay, recurrence, and the need for surgery. Male sex, smoking history, and lower body mass index had no significant effect on the recurrence. Recurrence and length of hospital stay did not significantly differ between the patients in whom pleurectomy or pleural abrasion added to the procedure during the operation. Conclusion: A longer interval between symptom onset and hospital admission and lower body mass index have no adverse effect on treatment outcomes and the recurrence in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax. Despite the fact that surgical treatment significantly decreases the recurrence rate, pleurectomy and pleural abrasion techniques have no significant difference on the clinical influence and recurrence of these patients.