The cardioprotective effects of perindopril in a model of polymicrobial sepsis: The role of radical oxygen species and the inflammation pathway


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Topçu A. , Kostakoğlu U. , Mercantepe T. , Yilmaz H. K. , Tümkaya L. , Uydu H. A.

JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jbt.23080
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY
  • Keywords: cardioprotective agent, mediators of inflammation, oxidative stress injury, perindopril, sepsis syndrome, INDUCED CARDIAC INJURY, CECAL LIGATION, OXIDATIVE STRESS, HEART-FAILURE, KAPPA-B, INHIBITION, MALONDIALDEHYDE, DYSFUNCTION, MORTALITY, APOPTOSIS

Abstract

Mortality rates associated with myocardial dysfunction due to sepsis and septic shock are generally high across the world. The present study focused on the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of perindopril (PER) for the purpose of preventing the adverse effects of sepsis on the myocardium and developing new alternatives in treatment. The control group received only saline solution via the oral route for 4 days. The second group underwent cecal ligation puncture (CLP), and the third underwent CLP and received PER (2 mg/kg). Rats in the third group received 2 mg/kg PER per oral (p.o.) from 4 days before induction of sepsis. Thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS), total thiol (-SH), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), IL-6, 8-hydroxy-2 '-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B/p65) levels increased in the CLP groups. In contrast, PER (2 mg/kg) decreased the levels of biochemical parameters other than total-SH and decreased 8-OHdG, NF-kappa B/p65 immunopositivity in rat heart tissues. The data from this study show that impairment of the oxidant/antioxidant balance and inflammatory cytokine levels in favor of inflammation in heart tissue under septic conditions results in severe tissue damage. PER administration before sepsis was shown to exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties by reducing these effects. This in turn increased the importance of PER as new evidence of its protective effects in heart tissue.