A novel ISM band reflector type applicator design for microwave ablation systems

Murat C., Palandoken M., Kaya I., Kaya A.

Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, vol.40, pp.286-300, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15368378.2021.1885434
  • Journal Name: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Compendex, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.286-300
  • Keywords: word, microwave Ablation, reflector type microwave applicator, in vitro ablation
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: No


© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.In this paper, a radiation performance improved novel applicator is proposed which is called as reflector type microwave applicator as a part of microwave ablation (MWA) system operating at 2.45 GHz with experimentally measured bandwidth of 300 MHz in Industrial Scientific Medical (ISM) band for the local extermination of tumor with highly localized microwave power. The design principle of MW applicator is based on the structural formation of coaxial transmission line fed dielectric loaded with the metallic circular reflector for the near field energy concentration inside the tumorous tissue. To generate localized electromagnetic waves, a novel reflector type microwave applicator is designed by placing an aluminum disk near the 10 mm dielectric radiator section. The proposed applicator design has been numerically studied with finite integration technique (FIT) in CST Microwave Studio to develop the near field radiation pattern affecting the ablation level of tumorous tissue. In the light of performed numerical calculations, maximum SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) value on 1.76 g tumorous sample can be achieved to 208 W/kg under 15 W microwave power accepted by proposed probe. The experimental results confirm that proposed applicator can be utilized highly localized MWA applicator for cancer treatment hence the surface temperature of cylindrical shaped tumor sample which has the dimensions of 14.4 mm diameter and 8 mm height reaches from 25 to 68.3°C in 10 min.