Heavy metal concentration levels and biometric analysis of Liocarcinus depurator from different locations on the western Black Sea coast of Turkey


DEMİRBAŞ A. , GÖZLER A. M. , BAYTAŞOĞLU H. , KAYA C.

ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, vol.193, no.6, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 193 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-021-09113-y
  • Title of Journal : ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT
  • Keywords: Liocarcinus depurator, Heavy metals, Black Sea, Biometric analysis, Male and female, CRAB, DECAPODA, ESTUARY, FISHES, BAY

Abstract

The aim of the current work is to examine the concentrations of nine heavy metals such as chromium, nickel, copper, cadmium, zinc, cobalt, iron, lead, and metal (aluminium) in two body parts (carapace and walking legs) of Liocarcinus depurator from different stations (Ilyas bey, Cide koyu, Anadolu feneri, igneada) in the western Black Sea coast of Turkey. And this study was carried out to examine morphological properties of Liocarcinus depurator in the region. The sex ratio (female/male) of 387 samples was calculated as F/M = 1:0.945. The mean carapace length and width were measured as 20.41 +/- 2.41 mm and 25.10 +/- 2.78 mm for female and 25.49 +/- 3.33 mm and 32.32 +/- 4.50 mm for male individually. The mean weight of crabs was measured as 4.09 +/- 1.37 g for females and 8.33 +/- 3.35 g for males. The samples were investigated trace metals by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Ranges over trace metals in all samples of L. depurator as follows: Cr 0.6-1.5, Mn 21-130, Cu 8-37, Zn 6-40, Cd 0.2-1.5, Pb 0.1-3.6, Co 0.1-1.1, Fe 22-160, and Ni 0.6-1 mg/kg wet wt. The walking legs and carapace/exoskeleton of female and male crabs were analyzed and contained various concentrations of Pb, Co, Ni, Cr, Cd, Fe, Cu, Zn, and Mn elements. The order of the heavy metal in all samples of L. depurator is shown as Fe > Cu > Mn > Zn > Cr > Cr > Ni > Cd > Pb > Co. In this research, metal levels of the crab samples compared between female and male and found highest mean metal concentrations in the station number 3 (Anadolu feneri) that the Al concentration in the carapace of female was 295.0 mg/kg wet wt and in the walking legs was 306.67 mg/kg wet wt, in the carapace of male was 264.4 mg/kg wet wt, and in the walking legs was 162.61 mg/kg wet wt in station number 3 (Anadolu feneri). The purpose of this work is to analyze the metal composition of this type of crab, which is abundant in the Black Sea region and is not planned to be attached to fisherman's nets, to evaluate whether it will be useful or not.